Thattekad Bird Sanctuary – A True Bird Paradise

Ask any serious birdwatcher in India about Thattekad Bird Sanctuary. They will tell you that this is a must visit place.

Thattekad (also Thattekkad) was long associated with late Dr. Salim Ali, the pioneer ornithologist nicknamed as the birdman of India.

Later this sanctuary was officially named as Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary, who was a keen observer familiar with the woods of Thattekkad.





Situated in Thiruvananthapuram/Trivandrum, the preserved forest of Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary comprises of the catchments of Peppara Dam, which has been constructed across Karamana River. The dam was bespoken in the year 1983 to enhance the drinking water supply of Thiruvananthapuram city and its surrounding inhabited areas. Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary is conveniently located amidst the serene greens. It is visited by thousands of visitors every year. The soothing lush greens calms down the visitors who take out time for nature walks in this


The Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary is spread over 55 sq km of undulating forested highlands on the slopes of the Western Ghats. The highest peak here – Katti Betta – rises to a majestic 1145 m above sea level.

Covered with tropical and semi evergreen forests, the Aralam Sanctuary is home to a vast variety of flora and fauna endemic to the Western Ghats. Elephant, gaur, sambar, spotted deer, barking deer, Nilgiri langur, Hanuman langur, Malabar giant squirrel, etc can be seen here.





The Parambikkulam Tiger Reserve is located between the Anamalai mountain ranges in the adjoining state of Tamilnadu and that of the Nelliampathi ranges in Kerala. The sanctuary with its hilly and rocky landscape teems with clusters of bamboo and also has highly valuable timber varieties like rosewood and teak. The sanctuary also has patches of grasslands and marsh lands. The biggest teak tree in the world – the Kannimari is located in the Parambikulam wildlife sanctuary.


A repository of some of the rarest medicinal herbs, the Neyyar Dam located about 32 km from Thiruvananthapuram, is a popular picnic spot with a lake and a picturesque dam site. The lake formed by the dam across the Neyyar River is the bluest of blue, making boating irresistible for tourists.

The Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary has Asian Elephant, Tiger, Leopard, Slender Loris and reptiles like King Cobra, Travancore Tortoise, etc. A crocodile breeding centre and a lion safari park are also located in the dam site.



Shenduruny Wildlife Sanctuary


Shenduruny Wildlife Sanctuary, located in south Kerala. This is a tropical semi-evergreen forest and is home to animals like elephants, leopards, bisons, sambar, wild boar, Lion-tailed macaques, langurs, deer and most of the other regular inhabitants of a wild, West Coast tropical evergreen forest.


Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary

A land-locked district, Idukki is one of the most nature-rich areas of Kerala. The Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary here spreads over an area of 105.364 sq km in the Thodupuzha and Udumpanchola taluks of the district. Situated at an altitude of 450-748 m above sea level, this sanctuary occupies the forest land between the Cheruthoni and Periyar rivers. Elephants, bison, sambar deer, wild dogs, jungle cats, tiger, wild boar etc are seen here apart from various species of snakes including cobra, viper, kraits and numerous non-poisonous ones. Birds include grey jungle fowl, Malabar grey hornbill, several species of woodpeckers, bulbuls, flycatchers, etc.


Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary


Kumarakom bird sanctuary, spread across 14 acres, has an interesting variety of birdlife.

If you are a bird enthusiast, visit the sanctuary between June and August, the breeding season of resident wetland birds such as Indian Darter, Little cormorant, different species of egrets and herons, white ibis, several species of kingfishers, etc. Between the months of November and May, the bushes and woods of the sanctuary play host to some rare migratory birds. The Vembanad lake body attracts waterfowl like pin-tailed duck, garganey teal, spot-billed duck, birds of prey like osprey, marsh harrier, steppe eagle, etc